It was in the year 1986 where the law protecting whistleblower is made, and congress has added the anti-retaliation protection laws to the existing false claims act that has been passed in the past years. A whistleblower is a kind of person which tells on something he believes to be an illegal act, the employees are the most commonly known whistleblower and they tell on their employers which they suspect to be an illegal act. Under the law that protect whistleblowers, the employees need to not be discharged, denoted, suspended, threatened or harassed in any form that discriminiates the terms and conditions of their employment.
Reporting illegal acts which are only within the company is a ground for exemption, but there are still a number of public policies which can protect the employees from retaliation from the company. If it gets to turn out that an employer did not break the law, the employee is still entitled to the whistle blower protection from retaliation if they really believe that the employer has committed an illegal act. The whistleblower protection law does not cover employer retaliation for complaints about personal problems, the office polices is not be used as a basis for filing a complaint against the employer and use the law for personal gain.
So for the employee to be protected from employer retaliation, the company needs to have a suspected desecration of any Federal law but the violation must have provisions that the law violated can protect whistleblowers. The whistleblower federal law which is not like false claims act can allow the whistleblower to file a lawsuit in a federal court and the law does not permit the whistle blower to go to the court in a direct manner.
The people that are concerned are mostly being pursued in an administrative way, these individuals concerned would file a complaint or charge to retaliate with or without a lawyer to represent them. But when the case could not get resolved in an immediate way, the administrative law judge would then preside over the only evidentiary hearing that can easily take place during their court hearing.
The whistleblower needs to not attempt any type of investigation of the possible legal answer, to maintain this type of ruling the retaliation must be brought to the total attention of the correct government official. If they could not do this then the complaint would not be pursued, there are large number of countries that have their own whistleblower laws and people need to look for a lawyer that specializes in these kinds of laws in order to file their complaints about their employers.